Military organization or military organization is the structuring of the armed forces of a state so as to offer military capability required by the national defense policy. In some countries paramilitary forces are included in a nation's armed forces, though not considered military. Armed forces that are not a part of military or paramilitary organizations, such as insurgent forces, often mimic military organizations, or use ad hoc structures.
Military organization is hierarchical. The use of formalized ranks in a hierarchical structure came into widespread use with the Roman Army. In modern times, executive control, management and administration of military organization is typically undertaken by the government through a government department within the structure of public administration, often known as a Ministry of Defense, Department of Defense, or Department of War. These in turn manage Armed Services that themselves command combat, combat support and combat service support formations and units.
Executive control, management and administration
The usually civilian or partly civilian executive control over the national military organization is exercised in democracies by an elected political leader as a member of the government's Cabinet, usually known as a Minister of Defense. (In presidential systems, such as the United States, the president is the commander-in-chief, and the cabinet-level defense minister is second in command.) Subordinated to that position are often Secretaries for specific major operational divisions of the armed forces as a whole, such as those that provide general support services to the Armed Services, including their dependants.
Then there are the heads of specific departmental agencies responsible for the provision and management of specific skill- and knowledge-based service such as Strategy advice, Capability Development assessment, or Defense Science provision of research, and design and development of technologies. Within each departmental agency will be found administrative branches responsible for further agency business specialization work.
Combat Unit Hierarchy
The following table gives an overview of some of the terms used to describe army hierarchy in the 7th Cavalry. This is modeled on the United States Armed Forces.
|APP-6A Symbol||Name||Nature||Strength||Constituent units||Commander or leader|
|III||Regiment||Unit||Entire 7th Cavalry||2 battalions or U.S. Cavalry squadrons||General of the Army|
|I||Company||Sub-Unit||80–250||2–8 Platoons||First Lieutenant,Captain or Major|
|•••||Platoon||Sub-Unit||26–55||2+ Section||Second Lieutenant or First Lieutenant|
|•||Squad, Section or Crew||-||7–12||2 Fireteams||Squad Leader (SL)|
|Ø||Fireteam||-||4||n/a||FireTeam Leader (FTL)|
|Ø||Fire and Maneuver Team||-||2||n/a||Anyone|
TODO: Example image of the 7th Cavalry Structure
TODO: Example image of the Staff Departments Structure
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
Pages in category "Unit Organization"
The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total.